Remove SSL certificate passphrase

A lot of people ask how they can remove the passphrase requirements from a private key so that Apache can be (re)started without the need to re-enter the key’s passphrase.

Security warning

Once you remove the requirement for the passphrase, the certificate can be easily copied and used elsewhere, thus raising the risk of it being abused. If you must remove the passphrase then you must take adequate protection in the storage of the file. Ensure that the permissions are set to only allow access to those who need it.

Now that you have been warned about the risks, we can continue onto the options

1) httpd has a directive you can use, SSLPassPhraseDialog.
2) You can use OpenSSL to remove the passphrase from the certificate completely.

An example usage of SSLPassPhraseDialog :

SSLPassPhraseDialog exec:/path/to/script

N.B. 'SSLPassPhraseDialog' can only be used in the main server config, and must be outside of any <Directory> or <Location> blocks.

Inside an example perl script:

echo "put the passphrase here"

After saving the passphrase script, set the file executable

chmod +x /path/to/passphrase-script

How to strip a key with OpenSSL

With OpenSSL you can actually remove the passphrase from the SSL key completely. This will avoid Apache asking you to enter the passphrase every time it is started. To do this go to the command line and type

/path/to/openssl rsa -in /path/to/originalkeywithpass.key -out /path/to/newkeywithnopass.key

with the file names and paths appropriate for your environment.

Adding Timestamp Date Time while Saving a Log File from Crontab Cronjob Ubuntu Redhat Linux

This is just a quick solution to put a timestamp with each line of the output of some command in Ubuntu Redhat Linux (*nix). It’s a very simple thing, thought I’d write it down here so maybe it’ll help somebody some day.

I have a cron job running on my server, it’s a high frequency job so I don’t want to send email reports each time, I’m logging it into a file, but I want to log the timestamp of each time it runs and logs something to this file, I didn’t want to change the code behind it to also print the timestamp with each write to the output, so I pipelined the command to a simple bash script that will append the timestamp to each line in the output then write the result to the stdout again.

Here is the bash script for sudo nano ~/

while read x; do
 echo -n `date +%d/%m/%Y\ %H:%M:%S`;
 echo -n " ";
 echo $x;

Then I edited the cron job crontab -e line to be like this:

* 9 * * 1-5 ~/ 2>&1 | ~/ >> /var/log/cron/my-cronjob-command.log

And you’re done!

Enjoy it.